There are “2805 [documented] victims of lynch mobs killed between 1882 and 1930… the vast majority, almost 2,500, of lynch victims were African-American.
"Lethal mob violence for seemingly minor infractions of the caste codes of behavior was more fundamental for maintaining terroristic social control than punishment for what would seem to be more serious violations of the criminal codes" (19).
History of Lynching in the United States
Jana Evans Braziel, Assistant Professor
Department of English and Comparative Literature
University of Cincinnati
'Twenty-six black girls not make mulatto yellow girl'
Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839
By Fanny Kemble
'Twenty-six black girls not make mulatto yellow girl' quoted in “Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation, 1838-1839” by Fanny Kemble.
Fanny Kemble, a London actress and wife of Pierce Butler, a Georgia plantation owner, recorded in her journal the musical performances of her Negro boatmen on daily voyages up and down the river.
One of the black men’s songs … embodied the opinion that “twenty-six black girls not make mulatto yellow girl;” … This desperate tendency to despise and undervalue their own race and color, which is one of the very worst results of their abject condition…
WATSON’S ANNALS of
Chapter 8. NEGROES AND SLAVES
In the olden time, dressy blacks and dandy coloured beaux and belles, as we now see them issuing from their proper churches, were quite unknown.
Their aspirings and little vanities have been rapidly growing since they got those separate churches, and have received their entire exemption from slavery. Once they submitted to the appellation of servants, blacks, or negroes, but now they require to be called ‘coloured people’, and among themselves, their common call of salutation is — gentlemen and ladies.
Thirty to forty years ago, they were much humbler, more esteemed in their place, and more useful to themselves and others. As a whole they show an overweening fondness for display and vainglory — fondly imitating the whites in processions and banners, and in the pomp and pageantry of Masonic and Washington societies, &c.
With the kindest feelings for their race, judicious men wish them wiser conduct, and a better use of the benevolent feelings which induced their emancipation among us.
Freedom Road Cemetery. Pennsylvania by Railroad. On the road from Philadelphia to Williamsport, PA to present “Great Escapes” Stories of the Underground Railroad, A Pennsylvania Humanities Council Commonwealth Speakers presentation at James V. Brown Library.
Sponsored by: Blooming Grove Historical Society & Muncy Historical Society
July 12, 2014
Photos by Denise Valentine, Storyteller and Historical Performer.
National Association of Black Storytellers (NABS) 2nd Annual Storytelling Contest 2014: Lighting the Way: Stories of Our Heroes/Sheroes, Past & Present, In Our Homes and In Our Nation. This year’s contest provides the opportunity to crown our unsung and unknown Heroes/Shereos. Learn More: www.nabsinc.org/storytelling-contest.
Stories to Heal the Heart
As a youth, I joined a chorus of 1000 young women from all over the world. We’d practiced in our respective cities for a year. We had one week to practice together in Hawaii. We couldn’t talk to each other but we sang together beautifully in Japanese and English.
THE 5th SGI WORLD PEACE YOUTH CULTURE FESTIVAL
1985 – Waikiki Shell, Honolulu – Hawai
Great Escapes on the Underground Railroad
July 12, 2014
James V. Brown Library
19 E. 4th St.
Williamsport, PA 17701
A Pennsylvania Humanities Council Commonwealth Speakers presentation
Sponsoring Organization: Blooming Grove Historical Society
City Sights/City Blight, Philadelphia - Graffiti: “Temple Made Gentrification”
Photo by Denise Valentine, May 2014
Did you know, research identifying all ports of entry for Africans during the 350 years of the transatlantic human trade* identifies the Port of Philadelphia on the Delaware River as one of more than 175 middle passage ports in 50 nations of North, Central, and South America, the Caribbean, and Europe?
On June 2, each year, the Philadelphia Middle Passage Ceremony and Port Marker Project (Philly MPC) will honor our ancestors to commemorate the nearly 2 million Africans who perished in the Middle Passage. Our immediate goal is to gather support for the application and installation of a historical marker in their memory.
The Philadelphia Middle Passage Ceremony
& Port Marker Project
Project Coordinator: Denise Valentine